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Those who serve
幕府
The samurai numbered about 6-8% of Japan's population at the peak of their power.
The samurai were usually associated with a clan and their lord, and were trained as officers in military tactics and grand strategy. The title of samurai in feudal Japan was inherited.
When a samurai passed, members of the lower classes were required to bow and show respect. If a farmer or artisan refused to bow, the samurai was legally entitled to chop off the recalcitrant person's head.
Samurai were not only knight warriors. They were the bodyguards of their daimyo or overlord, and at the same time his servants in everyday life.
The samurai (or bushi), members of a powerful military caste in feudal Japan, began as provincial warriors before rising to power in the 12th century with the beginning of the country's first military dictatorship, known as the shogunate.
The wealth of a samurai was measured in terms of koku - the amount of rice it took to feed one man for a year.
It was equivalent to around 180 liters.
The white gold
The wealth of a samurai
was measured in terms
of koku - the amount of
rice it took to feed one
man for a year.
It was equivalent to
around 180 liters.
Samurai ranks
Shogun
Daimyo
Hatamoto
Gokenin
Monogashira
Kumigashira
Kogashira
Kishi
Kachi
Ronin
Сёгун
Даймё
Хитамото
Гокенин
Моногашира
Кумигашира
Когашира
Кичи
Качи
Ронин
Samurai
ranks
Shogun
Daimyo
Hatamoto
Gokenin
Monogashira
Kumigashira
Kogashira
Kishi
Kachi
Ronin
The soul of
a warrior
Swords are the weapons that have come to be synonymous with the samurai.
Ancient Japanese swords featured a straight blade, later curved tachi appeared, followed by the uchigatana and ultimately the katana.
During the Edo period only samurai were allowed to wear a daisho.
The source
The main weapon of the samurai warriors of Japan was, for much of their early history, the longbow, yumi.
Early samurai also used weapons that later became more associated with ordinary infantry. These were the spear (yari) and polearm (naginata).
Smaller commonly known companion swords are the wakizashi and the tantō. This combination of swords is referred to as a daisho
The main weapon of
the samurai warriors
of Japan was, for
history, the longbow,
much of their early
yumi.
Samurai armor
Kabuto, a helmet made from iron or leather plates (from 3 to over 100 plates) riveted together. A neck guard shikoro made from several layers of curved iron or leather strips was suspended from the bottom edge of the kabuto.
A type of samurai armor varied considerably in different historical periods. Classic samurai armor called the O-eroy. Such armor was made of iron plates or leather.
Sode, large rectangular shoulder protection made from iron and or leather plates.
Kusazuri made from iron or leather plates hanging from the front and back of the dou (dō) to protect the lower body and upper leg.
Kote, armoured glove like sleeves which extended to the shoulder or han kote (kote gauntlets) which covered the forearms.
Mengu, various types of lacquered metal and or leather facial armour designed in a way that the top heavy helmet kabuto could be tied and secured to them by various metal posts.
Haidate, thigh guards which tied around the waist and covered the thighs. These were made from cloth with small iron and or leather plates of various size and shape, usually connected to each other by chain armour (kusari) and sewn to the cloth.
Suneate, shin guards made from iron splints connected together by chain armor (kusari) and sewn to cloth and tied around the calf.
Dou, a chest armour made up of iron and or leather plates of various sizes and shapes with pendents.
The way of
a warrior
The basis of samurai conduct is bushido, "the way of the warrior". This unique philosophy valued honour, reckless bravery and selflessness, as well as duty to the warrior's master with the purpose of giving up one's life and embracing death.
Honour matter above
If a samurai failed and was captured by the enemy,
they were expected to commit ritual suicide in a process known as seppuku,
which involved self-disembowelment by his own hand followed at times by decapitation by an attendant, kaishakunin.




If a samurai failed and was
captured by the enemy,
they were expected to
commit ritual suicide in a
process known as seppuku,
which involved self-
disembowelment by his own
hand followed at times by
decapitation by an
attendant, kaishakunin.
Seven virtues of bushido
Righteousness
Heroic Courage
Honour
Benevolence
Honesty
Duty and Loyalty
Respect
Training
Most children of the Samurai were seen as future warriors and thus their training started from the tender age of 8, wherein the boys were prepared for teamwork and synergistic activities.
By the age of 12,
the child already possessed practical knowledge and combat skills.
Young samurai
By 13, the young teenager was already perceived as a Samurai ready for battle.
After the training period was over or the Samurai boy attained a certain age (13 to 15), he was ritually inducted into the Samurai ranks through a 'coming of age' ceremony known as the genpuku, what included the exchange of a name for a new adult name, the adoption of adult hairstyles and clothing, and the assumption of adult responsibilities.
Adulthood
Archery
Samurai skills
Polearm skill
Short sword skill
Long sword skill
Quick-draw sword skill
Horsemanship
Art of the spear
So jutsu
Ba jutsu
Iai jutsu
Ken jutsu
Tanto jutsu
Naginata jutsu
Kyudo
弓道
長刀術
短刀術
剣術
居合術
馬術
槍術
The balance of
pen and sword
Not only were the samurai skilful warriors, but they were also expected to be highly cultured and literate. The majority of those in the samurai class were very well-educated, with levels of literacy and mathematical skills being quite high.
Some samurai had buke bunko, or "warrior library", a personal library that held texts on strategy, the science of warfare, and other documents that would have proved useful during the warring era of feudal Japan.
"Bun bu ryo do"
is an ancient expression what means "The balance of pen and sword".
Heritage
As aristocrats for centuries, samurai developed their own cultures such as the tea ceremony, monochrome ink painting, rock gardens and poetry.
Samurai
sunset
In 1868 the emperor retook power in his own right and abolished the office of the shogun. The samurai class was dissolved, and a modern military force created in its stead.
MADE FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES
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MADE FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE
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